, Latin America
, Middle East and Africa
, North America
, Northeast Asia
, Climate Change and Clean Energy
, Climate Change and Natural Resources
, Energy Security and Policy
The EU has committed to a 20% reduction by 2020, deepened to 30% if others follow suit. Japan has pledged to reduce emissions 15% by 2020 from 2005. In the run-up to the summit, emerging economies like China and India pledged their own emissions reductions. The U.S., which has not ratified the 1990 Kyoto pact, is currently negotiating the Waxman-Markey climate bill that aims to reduce America's emissions 17% by 2020 (2005 as base year). After being approved by the U.S. House of Representatives in June 2009, the climate change bill failed in the senate.
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May 21, 2009
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Developing Country Interests in Climate Change Action and the Implications for a Post-2012 Climate Change Regime
Centre for International Governance Innovation
Issues, Obstacles and Outlook for the Copenhagen International Climate Change Negotiation
May 15, 2009
High stakes at Copenhagen Climate Conference
May 28, 2008
Climate Change After Kyoto – A Blueprint for a Realistic Approach
OIES Energy & Environment Comment
Feb , 2008
Bali 2007: On the road again!
Council on Foreign Relations
Jan 25, 2008
The Post-Bali Road
World Economic Forum
Jan 23, 2008
Beyond Kyoto: Is Collaboration Possible?
Dec 18, 2007
Who bears the load? Bali leaves big concessions needed on climate change
Dec 18, 2007
Showdown in Bali